Census 2011: The migratory population of Curaçao
Migration is a major factor contributing to changes in population size and composition in Curaçao. An increased
demand in laborers due to the establishment of the oil refinery in 1915 led to a huge influx of migrants. Especially in
the 1930s and 1940s as the demand for oil products from the refinery reached high levels the in-migration of laborers
and their families caused rapid population growth.
More recently periods of economic progress as well as economic recession have contributed to changes in migration flows to and from the island.
By means of various questions in the Census 2011 the migrational background of the population has been explored. In this article the resulting set
of census variables regarding population and migration will be analyzed with the objective of providing an ample detailed
overview of the origins of the enumerated population of Curaçao. Furthermore, where possible, the analysis will focus
on developments over time by making use of previous census datasets ranging from 1981 to 2011. The following
characteristics of the migratory population of Curaçao will be discussed in this article: country of birth, country of
nationality, country of previous residence, duration of settlement and age at migration, generations of migrants and
emigration intentions. This article is based on the chapter on migration in the forthcoming Census 2011 publication on
the demography of Curaçao.